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Human Body Composition
Author: Steven Heymsfield
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 0736046550
Pages: 523
Year: 2005
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The 2nd edition of Human Body Composition includes updated information and new chapters. The editors and 35 contributors are well respected researchers in the field of body composition science. This is one of few texts that provides comprehensive coverage of body composition research. The primary intent is to present current information on research methods. This book can serve as a textbook for those who are students or new researchers. Descriptions of various methods and background information are imparted in great detail with numerous references. New chapters address energy expenditure, animal body composition, molecular genetics and body composition as it relates to disease states of cancer, HIV, obesity and certain inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This book is recommended for students and new researchers in the field of body composition research who need to learn various methods, histories and practical applications--Publisher's description.
Human Body Composition
Author: Gilbert B. Forbes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461246547
Pages: 350
Year: 2012-12-06
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Man has always been curious about himself, a curiosity that began centuries ago with an examination of the soul, and that extended in the period of the Renaissance to his anatomy and certain functions such as the circulation of the blood. Chemical science entered the scene in the 18th century, and burst into prominence in the 19th century. As the various chemical elements were discovered, many were found to be present in body fluids and tissues. Organic compounds were recognized; it became known that body heat was produced by the combustion of food; chemical transformations such as the production of fat from carbohydrate were recognized; and in the 1850s it was determined that young animals differed from adults in certain aspects of body composition. As methods for chemical analysis evolved, they were applied to samples of body fluids and tissues, and it became apparent that life depended on chemical normality; and most importantly it was realized that given the necessary amount of food and water the body had the ability to maintain a degree of constancy of what Claude Bernard called the milieu interieur, in other words its interior chemical en vironment.
Human Body Composition
Author: Kenneth J. Ellis, Jerry D. Eastman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489912681
Pages: 402
Year: 2013-06-29
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This book is the compilation of papers presented at the International Symposium on In Vivo Body Composition Studies, held in Houston, Texas, November 10-12, 1992. The purpose of this conference was to report on the state-of-the-art techniques for in vivo body composition measurements and to present the most recent human data on normal body composition and changes during disease. This conference was the third in a series of meetings on body composition studies held in North America, and follows the successful meetings at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 1986, and the one in Toronto in 1989. A large number of excellent research papers were offered for consideration at this Conference which demonstrates the rapid growth of the field in the last three years. However, we had to limit the presentations to approximately 90 papers which provided a broad spectrum of the applications and recent interest in the subject. The proceedings of the Brookhaven meeting "In Vivo Body Composition Studies", is published by The Institute of Physical Sciences in Medicine, London. The proceedings of the Toronto meeting "In Vivo Body Composition Studies" was published by Plenum Press in its basic life science series. Both these meetings placed more emphasis on technical aspects while the current Houston meeting tried to emphasize more the emerging clinical applications of these techniques. The general sessions used at the Conference for presentations forms the basis of the order of appearance of the papers in this book.
Human Body Composition
Author: Josef Brožek
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483282694
Pages: 324
Year: 2016-01-22
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Human Body Composition: Approaches and Applications focuses on approaches to the description of human physique; clarification of the role of factors determining and modifying body composition; and assessment of biological and medical significance of individual differences in body composition. The selection first discusses advances and developments in the methods for the study of body composition and chemical analysis of the body. Discussions focus on direct and roentgenographic studies of bone mineralization; caliper and roentgenogrammetric values of the thickness of subcutaneous adipose tissue; and soft tissue roentgenography. The text also looks at determination of specific gravity of live sheep and its correlation with fat percentage and interpretation of whole body potassium measurements. The manuscript evaluates research on body composition and its relevance for human biology, including sex, growth, and aging, physical activity, loss and gain of body weight, and body composition in animals. The book also elaborates on sex difference in body composition, physical activity and body composition, hydrometry of growth and aging, and body composition and appraisal of nutriture. The selection is a reliable reference for readers interested in the composition of the human body.
Human Body Composition
Author: Josef Brožek
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483282694
Pages: 324
Year: 2016-01-22
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Human Body Composition: Approaches and Applications focuses on approaches to the description of human physique; clarification of the role of factors determining and modifying body composition; and assessment of biological and medical significance of individual differences in body composition. The selection first discusses advances and developments in the methods for the study of body composition and chemical analysis of the body. Discussions focus on direct and roentgenographic studies of bone mineralization; caliper and roentgenogrammetric values of the thickness of subcutaneous adipose tissue; and soft tissue roentgenography. The text also looks at determination of specific gravity of live sheep and its correlation with fat percentage and interpretation of whole body potassium measurements. The manuscript evaluates research on body composition and its relevance for human biology, including sex, growth, and aging, physical activity, loss and gain of body weight, and body composition in animals. The book also elaborates on sex difference in body composition, physical activity and body composition, hydrometry of growth and aging, and body composition and appraisal of nutriture. The selection is a reliable reference for readers interested in the composition of the human body.
Body Composition Techniques in Health and Disease
Author: P. S. W. Davies, T. J. Cole
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521461790
Pages: 282
Year: 1995-05-26
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Evaluates newer and established techniques of body composition assessment.
Body Composition and Aging
Author: C.V. Mobbs, P.R. Hof
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805595220
Pages: 204
Year: 2010-08-12
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Increased adiposity and decreased muscle mass contribute substantially to age-dependent disease and disability. In particular age-related increase in adiposity is quickly becoming a major threat to public health throughout the world. Although the hypothesis that age-related changes in body composition are due to lifestyle choices alone is well accepted, it is a vast oversimplification. This volume reflects the current knowledge in this rapidly developing field of research. The first part of the book discusses the extent to which increased adiposity contributes to age-related diseases and longevity. The 'obesity paradox', describing the protective role of overweight in decreasing mortality while increasing pathology, is covered in depth. Further chapters address specific aspects of the regulation of energy balance during aging, including the effects of changes in food intake. Finally the causes and consequences of loss of muscle mass and age-related osteoporosis are examined.A valuable help for physicians treating elderly patients, this book will also be of great interest to researchers studying energy balance, muscle physiology, bone disease, and other aspects of aging.
Body Composition
Author: Henry C. Lukaski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351646958
Pages: 388
Year: 2017-07-20
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Interest in the relationships between body structure and function in physical activity has persisted for centuries. Body Composition: Health and Performance in Exercise and Sport advances understanding beyond simple descriptions of body physique and composition of athletes and fills gaps in our understanding of the important role of muscle, fat, and bone in facilitating physical performance and health in sports and physically demanding occupations. lt addresses basic, practical, and applied topics in body composition, performance, and health with comprehensive reviews organized in four logical parts: Body Composition Assessment; Physical Activity and Body Composition; Body Composition in Sports and Occupations; and Moderating Factors. This book integrates state-of-the-art knowledge by international experts in the field and produces an evidence-based practical guide for a balanced understanding of the role and use of body composition assessment in physical performance and health for youth and adults. It also provides a needed link between the practice of body composition assessment and its application by members of public health advisory committees that develop national guidelines for diet, physical activity, and health. This book is suitable for students and professionals in sports nutrition, exercise science, kinesiology, and athletic training. Sport administrators and policy-makers for international and national sport federations and organizations, and national intercollegiate and scholastic federations, would also benefit from this book.
Body Composition in Animals and Man
Author:
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN:
Pages: 521
Year: 1968
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Applied Body Composition Assessment
Author: Vivian H. Heyward, Dale R. Wagner
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
ISBN: 0736046305
Pages: 268
Year: 2004-01-01
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Bringing both practitioners and students up to date on the latest body composition methods and equations for healthy and clinical populations, this volume is a comprehensive textbook on body composition assessment.
Body Composition and Physical Performance
Author: Bernadette M. Marriott, Judith Grumstrup-Scott
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN:
Pages: 356
Year: 1992-01-01
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This book surveys the entire field of body composition as it relates to performance. It includes a clear definition of terminology and a discussion of the various methods for measuring body composition. The authored papers represent a state-of-the-art review of this controversial field and address questions such as: What is a better measure of body composition--body fat or lean body mass? Does being overweight for one's height really affect performance? The book also addresses the issue of physical appearance as it relates to body fatness and performance. It includes an in-depth discussion of many of the topics of interest to those involved in sports medicine and exercise physiology.
On the Estimation and Control of Human Body Composition
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year:
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Obesity is a chronic disease that can lead to an increased risk of other serious chronic diseases and even death. We present switching and time-delayed feedback-based model-free control methods for the dynamic management of body mass and its major components. The estimation of body composition based on human body weight dynamics is proposed using a soft switching-based observer. Additionally, this paper addresses the control allocation problem for optimal body weight management using linear algebraic equivalence of the nonlinear controllers based on dynamic behaviour of body composition described in literature. A control allocator system computes the required energy intake and energy expenditure from a controlling range of inputs to track the desired trajectory of body mass by optimizing a weighted quadratic function. Simulation results validate the performance of the proposed controllers and the observer under disturbances in energy intake and energy expenditure.
The Evolutionary Biology of Human Body Fatness
Author: Jonathan C. K. Wells
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521884209
Pages: 382
Year: 2010
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Integrates medical and evolutionary data on the role of body fat in human biology, including the current obesity epidemic.
Handbook of Assessment Methods for Eating Behaviors and Weight-Related Problems
Author: David B. Allison, David Bradley Allison, Monica L. Baskin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412951356
Pages: 701
Year: 2009-07-10
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This handbook is a comprehensive collection of measures and assessment tools intended for use by researchers and clinicians that work with people with problem eating behaviors, obese clients, and the associated psychological issues that underlie these problems.
Body Composition Assessment in Children and Adolescents
Author: T. Jürimäe, Andrew P. Hills
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3805571313
Pages: 182
Year: 2001-01-01
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Stimulating and up to date, this book is a distinctive reference for pediatricians, nutritionists, anthropologists, exercise and sport scientists as well as sport medicine specialists.